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Short Bio: Abhimanyu Kulkarni is the Studio Director Philips Experience Design, India. In this role he manages a multidisciplinary design team of 50+ designers based in Bangalore. He works across healthcare and personal health as well as with Philips Research and markets. Prior to that, he was working in Philips Design’s Hong Kong branch as Senior design manager for global account of Audio Multimedia applications for 7 years.
Abhimanyu graduated from IDC, IIT Mumbai and has worked across multiple locations of Philips in Asia and Europe on a variety of projects and has a number of international design awards to his credit, including CES innovation, ID USA, Hong Kong industries award.
Title: Using Design to drive Strategy
Abstract: Design as a function can play a pivotal role in the strategy of an organization by providing tools and framework that focus on its customers and users. The talk will give an overview of Design’s contribution to what is urgent and what is long term and also give a glimpse of some of the design tools in use today.
Short Bio: Armand Hatchuel is Professor and co-head of the chair of Design theory and methods for innovation at MinesParisTech-PSL University. With Benoit Weil and Pascal Le Masson, he developed C-K design theory which had important academic and industrial impacts. With Yoram Reich, he founded, in 2007, the Design theory SIG of the Design Society. He is member of the French Academy of Technologies and fellow of the Design Society. He co-authored: ”Strategic Management of innovation and design”(2013) at Cambridge University Press and “Design theory” at Springer (2017). Recently, his work with Blanche Segrestin has inspired the new French Law on responsible corporations (Loi Pacte).
Title: The advancement of design science and its impacts on other sciences
Abstract: In the last decades, Design science has made important advancements building on new paths opened by C-K theory and by advanced cognitive models. It is now independent of « what » is designed and explains the generation of new objects with unprecedented generality (Hatchuel et al. 2018). Thus, beyond Design itself, Design science has impacts in other sciences : engineering history, management science, psychology and epistemology. The keynote will give an overview of these impacts. (ref : Hatchuel, A., Le Masson, P., Reich, Y., and Subrahmanian, E. (2018). “Design theory: a foundation of a new paradigm for design science and engineering.” Research in Engineering Design, 29, pp. 5-21).
Short Bio: Prof. Dibakar Sen is a Professor in the Centre for Product Design and Manufacturing and Department of Mechanical Engineering in Indian Institute of Science Bangalore (IISc). He did his PhD from IISc Bangalore in 1997. Before joining IISc he briefly worked for Steel Authority of India Ltd, LPSC/ISRO and IIS XOX Asia Pacific Pvt Ltd
His research interests include human factors in design, digital human modeling, mechanical assembly simulation, Virtual Reality and Haptics, simulation and design of mechanisms etc. He has over 90 publications in journals and conferences; 3 of 8 of his Indian patent applications have been granted.
Title: Trends in Digital Human Modeling for Human Factors Analysis
Abstract: Traditional methods of human factors analysis involve real users and idealized usage scenarios. Performing human factors analysis in a computer enables better design in lesser time and cost. Digital human modeling (DHM) started for situations where empirical experimentation was impractical, namely manned-aerospace-missions. Starting from manual construction of postures for simple reach analysis, DHMs graduated to be more autonomous, intelligent and realistic for simulation of human performances and vulnerabilities. This talk will provide a glimpse into the development and diversification of Digital Human Models over the past few decades towards enabling our realistic expectations from the available and future virtual beings!
Short Bio: Prof. M.S. Ananth was Director, IIT Madras from Dec 2001 to July 2011. He was the architect of the world’s largest open-courseware in technical education, NPTEL and established the first university-based research park in India, the IIT Madras Research Park, to promote innovation and entrepreneurship. He is a Fellow of IIChE and INAE. He was a Member of both the SAC-C and the NMCC from 2007-2010. He has been a Visiting Professor in IIT Kanpur, Princeton University, RWTH Aachen, University of Colorado, IISc Bangalore and IIT Bombay. He participated in the World Economic Forum as a member of the Global University Leaders Forum from 2007 to 2011. In December 2011, I&EC Research published a special Festschrift Issue in his honour.
Title: The Idea Of A University
Abstract: The research university of today is built on the ideas of the renaisance thinkers who made three basic assumptions: the lawfulness of the material world, the intrinsic unity of knowledge and the potential of indefinite human progress. The pursuit of learning in the university is characterised by “no immediate use and attention to detail”. It is a search for the underlying unity in the diversity around us. In the global knowledge economy of today, universities are expected, in addition to teaching and research, to help increase the gross enrolment ratio and to encourage innovation and entrepreneurship. This talk will discuss how our universities are responding to these expectations.
Short Bio: Dr. Paul Hekkert is full professor of form theory and head of the Design Aesthetics group at the school of Industrial Design Engineering, Delft. Paul conducts research on the ways products impact human experience, values and behavior. With Matthijs van Dijk, he published Vision in Design: A guidebook for innovators (2011), a book that describes an approach to design and innovation that has been widely applied in both education and industry. More recently, Paul co-authored Designing for Society: Products and Services for a Better World (2019, with Nynke Tromp). Paul is captain of science of the Dutch Creative Industries sector and chairs the International Advisory Council of DRS.
Title: Design for Impact: An inquiry into the social consequences of design
Abstract: Spurred by marketing departments, designers were for many decades taught to design what people want. This dominant, short-term orientation is now under severe attack. There is a growing awareness among designers to consider the long-term and social consequences of design. Moreover, designers increasingly use this indirect impact as a means to benefit social change. In this talk, I will present a new framework mapping the various consequences or types of impact. Next, I will discuss the moral, methodological and organizational challenges designers face in ‘designing for impact’.
Short Bio: Punya Mishra (punyamishra.com) is an educator, researcher, designer, artist, and professional dilettante interested in life, the universe and everything. He is also Associate Dean of Scholarship & Innovation at the Mary Lou Fulton Teachers College at Arizona State University. He is internationally recognized for his work in technology integration in teaching; the role of creativity and aesthetics in learning; and the application of design-based approaches to educational innovation. He has received over $7 million in grants; published over 100 articles and edited 3 books. He is an award-winning teacher, an engaging public speaker, as well as an accomplished visual artist.
Title: Designing pencils, universities and everything in between
Abstract: Herb Simon, in The sciences of the artificial, wrote, “Everyone designs who devises courses of action aimed at changing existing situations into preferred ones.” Simon, thus, situated design as playing a role across a range of human-centered professions, whether it be graphic design, architecture, social policy, or education. Design in education plays out across a range of contexts: from textbooks to policy; learning experiences to admission procedures; from professional development to institutional culture. I frame this presentation thorugh my personal journey through engineering, design, and education to describe my current work around the five spaces for design in education.
Short Bio: Professor Steve Culley, currently Professor Emeritus at the University of Bath, UK, held the position of the Head of its Design and Manufacturing, having earlier worked in the Steel, Fluid power and Rubber Industries. His broad research area is engineering design, and has focussed on the provision of information and knowledge to support engineering designers. He was a Visiting Erskine Fellow at the University of Canterbury, New Zealand. Professor Culley was also a member of the EPSRC College of Peers and former member of their Strategic Advisory Team (SAT) for Engineering. He was Chair for IMechE, Manufacturing Industries Divisional Board and was Programme Chair for International Conference of Engineering Design (ICED11), Copenhagen. Professor Culley was also Associate Editor Journal of Engineering Design (JED) and a reviewer for the Royal Academy of Finland for their TUKEVA and now their KITARA programme in Design and Manufacturing and IT.
Valedictory Address: Reflections on the Presentations at ICoRD21
Abstract: Mogens Myrup Andreasen, a professor of engineering design at DTU Denmark and a pioneering researcher in design methodology, used to walk around the gatherings at ICED conferences, listening to presentations, keynotes, and discussions both informal and formal, to glean impressions of how the conference went and what stood out. In a similar spirit Professor Steve Culley has 'walked' through the virtual corridors of ICoRD'21, listening to some of the presentations at the conference. He will reflect on his impressions of the presentations.
Short Bio: Steven D Eppinger is Professor of Management Science and Innovation at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology Sloan School of Management where he holds the General Motors Leaders for Global Operations Chair. Prof Eppinger teaches interdisciplinary courses at both the masters and executive levels in product design and innovation, engineering project management, and digital product management. He is co-author of the textbook Product Design and Development (McGraw-Hill). Now in its seventh edition, the text has been translated into several languages and used by hundreds of universities and hundreds of thousands of students. Dr. Eppinger's research is applied to improving complex technical projects in a wide range of industries and is the basis of the book titled Design Structure Matrix Methods and Applications (MIT Press). His research contributes to fields ranging from project management and systems engineering to product development and product management. He is one of the most widely cited scholars in the engineering design and technical management disciplines. Prof. Eppinger is the Co-Director of MIT’s masters degree programs in System Design and Management (SDM) and Integrated Design and Management (IDM). He served as Deputy Dean of the MIT Sloan School of Management for five years and has held a joint appointment at MIT in the Engineering Systems Division. He received S.B., S.M., and Sc.D. degrees from MIT's Department of Mechanical Engineering.
Title: Teaching Product Design using Agile Methods
Abstract: Agile methods have already revolutionized the way software is developed, and are now becoming widely used in other industries. This presentation explores how agile can be taught in the context of experiential engineering design education. In our masters-level course, Product Design and Development, we are teaching and using core agile techniques. Student projects are executed through a series of 2-week time-boxed sprints, with daily stand-up meetings, scrum team roles, product backlog, sprint planning, demo reviews, retrospectives, and agile coaching. This experience give students both the skills and confidence to apply agile development methods in professional practice.
Short Bio: Professor Tetsuo Tomiyama has been Vice-President and Dean of the Faculty of Technology at the International Professional University of Technology in Tokyo. Prior to this appointment, he was Professor of Life Cycle Engineering at Cranfield University in the UK between September 2018 and October 2012, Professor at Delft University of Technology in the Netherlands between July 2002 and September 2012, and Professor at the University of Tokyo between April 1998 and June 2002. He is an internationally well-known expert in design theory and methodology, function modeling, systems architecting, maintenance engineering, and service engineering. Professor Tomiyama was awarded Royal Society–Wolfson Research Merit Award Holder in 2012, Fellow of ASME (The American Association of Mechanical Engineers), CIRP (The International Academy for Production Engineering), and JSME (The Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers). He holds a BSc, MSc and PhD all from the University of Tokyo.
Title: Post-Corona Design and Manufacturing
Abstract: The novel corona virus pandemic left deep impact on various aspects of our life. For example, retail and food industry suffer from the loss of business, so do travel industry. Aerospace industry’s future seems grim at least for the coming few years. On the other hand, unexpectedly ICT and home delivery industries grow rapidly. These will have further inevitable impact on how we design and manufacture products, systems, and services, including green recovery (more sustainable solutions for economic recovery). This talk will discuss these new trends and implications for design research.
Short Bio: Tomás B. Ramos is Professor of Sustainability Assessment and Planning at NOVA University Lisbon, School of Science and Technology. Visiting professor/researcher at Nanjing University and Fudan University (China), University of São Paulo (Brazil), International University of Andaluzia (Spain), University of Salford and University of Sussex (UK), Escuela Politécnica del Litoral (Ecuador), Florida State University (USA), among others. He is senior researcher at CENSE, Center for Environmental and Sustainability Research, and his research activity is centred in sustainability assessment and management, including indicators and reporting, circular economy, impact assessment (including strategic environmental assessment), public sector organisations, stakeholder engagement and transdisciplinary collaborative approaches. He is Associate Editor of the Journal of Cleaner Production and Cleaner Production Letters, and member of the Editorial Board of several leading journals, e.g. Sustainable Development, Business Strategy and Development. He was member of the Board of Directors of the International Sustainable Development Research Society (ISDRS).
Title: Assessing Circular Economy Approaches in Products, Services and Organisations
Abstract: Circular Economy (CE) concept is attracting increasing interest to accelerate the transition towards sustainability and address the challenges to work towards the Sustainable Development Goals set out in the 2030 Agenda. CE addresses the current unsustainable production and consumption model and shift away from the linear “take-make-use-dispose” model of production and consumption into a circular model of resource management. Circular economy assessment approaches aim to evaluate these circular changes, supporting different levels of decision-making and management processes, including products services and organisations. Circular economy indicators (CEIs) are one of most used instruments to assess and communicate the progress toward circularity. However, despite all the recent initiatives on circularity assessment, there is a significant gap about how to select an adequate CE assessment approach, including relevant and feasible CEIs for different scales of analysis, and how to integrate with broader sustainability assessment initiatives. This talk aims to explore the debate around the possible futures and paths of CE assessment, by conducting a critical analysis of major trends and initiatives.
This presentation is based upon some of the work, thoughts, insights, and questions, conducted in the European Union research project CRESTING1 and the Topic Group and Annual Conference Track—Assessing Sustainability (indicators and reporting)—of the International Sustainable Development Research Society (ISDRS)2.
1CRESTING – Circular Economy: Sustainability Implications and Guiding Progress, European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under the Marie Skłodowska-Curie grant agreement No 765198 - http://cresting.hull.ac.uk/
2International Sustainable Development Research Society (ISDRS) - https://isdrs.org
Panel 1: What Type of Designers Are You Creating in Your Institution?
[Day 2: 08-01-2021 - IST:1530-1700 | USEast:0500-0630 | USWest:0200-0330 | UK:1000-1130 | EU:1100-1230 | Japan:1900-2030]
Cees de Bont, Loughborough University, UK
Clark Lundell, Auburn University, USA
Lucienne Blessing, SUTD, Singapore
Mamata Rao, National Institute of Design, Bangalore, India
Paul Rodgers, University of Strathclyde, UK
PVM Rao, IIT Delhi, India
Udaya Kumar, IIT Guwahati, India
Chair: B Gurumoorthy, IISc Bangalore, India
Panel 2: How to publish papers in Peer Reviewed Journals?
[Day 3: 09-01-2021 - IST:1530-1700 | USEast:0500-0630 | USWest:0200-0330 | UK:1000-1130 | EU:1100-1230 | Japan:1900-2030]
Gaetano Cascini, Politecnico di Milano, Italy
Ram Maikala, Providence St. Joseph Health, Washington, USA
Tomás Ramos, NOVA University Lisbon, Portugal
Yong Zeng, Concordia University, Canada
Yoram Reich, Tel Aviv University, Israel
Yukari Nagai, JAIST, Japan
Chair: John Gero, UNC Charlotte, USA
Co-Chair: Panos Papalambros, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, USA
Workshop 1: The Behavioural Design Matrix (BDM) and its Applications in Various Contexts of Behavioural Design
Day 1 | 7 January 2021 | IST:1530-1700| Parallel Session 9
Name and affiliation of the Workshop Chair(s): Anirban Chowdhury, (Assistant Professor, University of Petroleum and Energy Studies, Uttarakhand, India)
Abstract: The BDM is a useful tool for behavioural designers to achieve a high-quality user experience through the management of user behaviour. The BDM is based on two essential factors – 1) Behavioural support (Low vs. High) and 2) Behavioural restriction (Low vs. High). Behavioural support is defined as clues or assistance to achieve the desired behaviour of users, whereas, behavioural restriction refers to users’ struggle to change their existing behaviour into the desired behaviour. Applicability of the BDM is in the areas of UX design, Managing Large Teams, Acceleration of Business Outcomes, Instructional Design for Students, E-learning, etc. but not limited to these areas. In this workshop, the audience will be able to understand the scopes for the application of BDM in various contexts of behavioural design solutions. Case studies (along with hand on examples) will be discussed which are related to the application of BDM, based on various behavioural design strategies. Designers, UX architects, and strategists can attend this workshop to learn applications of BDM and behavioural design strategies to address industrial and real-life problems and provide solutions for the same.
Outcomes of the workshop: Participants will understand the importance of Behavioural Design Matrix (BDM) as a behavioural design tool; Participants will learn the application of Behavioural Design Matrix (BDM) for providing solutions to industrial or real-life problems; The BDM tool will be provided to all participants in this workshop; E-handouts/ppt will be provided to all participants in this workshop.
Who should participate: Any design students Who Want to Learn Behavioural Design; Any industry professionals dealing with User Experience Design; Any industry professionals who play a managerial role or a role of strategist; Any academicians who want to practice behavioural design.
Workshop 2: Scientific Writing for Journals
Day 1 | 7 January 2021 | IST:1930-2100| Parallel Session 9
Name and affiliation of the Workshop Chair(s): Swati Meherishi (Editorial Director-Applied Science and Engineering, Springer)
Abstract: The face of scientific publishing is changing at a very fast pace. Transitions from print to electronic, onset of open access publishing and change in research demographics by geography, are a few of the issues being talked about in the publishing world today. How do these changes affect researchers? How can young researchers leverage these transitions to make their work visible? What is Open Access Publishing? What are citations and how are they calculated? These are just a few questions that Springer’s Author Workshops address. In this particular Author Workshop Lecture, Swati Meherishi will speak briefly about the transitions in and the needs of the publishing world and how young researchers need to prepare for it. This author workshop has been devised specifically as a resource for teaching non-native English-speaking researchers, particularly young scientists how to achieve publication success. Some of the key topics covered during this presentation are:
1. Writing for International Journals: Structure, Style and Accuracy: How to structure a journal paper, what are the relevant sections, how should they be composed, dos and don’ts for each section, language tips when writing journal articles
2. Selecting a Journal for your Manuscript: What factors to consider when selecting a journal, how to find journals relevant to your topic area, what do journal editors look for in papers
3. Peer Review and you: The peer review process, how does it work, timelines for review and publishing, what do peer reviewers look for, how to respond to review comments
4. Publication Ethics: What are the ethical issues in publishing, plagiarism, self-plagiarism, ethical clearances, authorship disputes, how to treat data, where to get advice on ethics
5. Plagiarism, Citations, Open Access: The Buzzwords of publishing: What are citations, how are impact factors calculated, indexing databases, what is open access, benefits of open access, types of open access publishing
6. Avoiding pitfalls: How to avoid predatory journals, what to do if a paper is rejected, tools and tips to avoid structure, language, style errors
Who should participate: Anyone interested in publishing their work in peer reviewed journals.
Workshop 3: Application of a Card-based Tool for Emotive Form Ideation based on Figures of Speech in English
Day 2 | 8 January 2021 | IST:1330-1500 | Parallel Session 9
Name and affiliation of the Workshop Chair(s): Pratul Ch Kalita (Associate Professor, Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati, India); Gaurav Vaidya (PhD Student, Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati, India)
Abstract: Nowadays consumers are increasingly becoming market aware. Functionality and usability of products are more or less taken for granted by these new age consumers and their search is for fulfilment of higher-order needs i.e., emotional needs. To serve consumers’ emotional needs, a product must communicate with them at emotional level. Products connect with the consumers at the emotional level first through their appearance and visual features. Therefore, the role of emotions in visual design of product has gained attention of design researchers in recent years. Many researchers have argued that the emotional element of design might be more crucial in deciding the success of the product than the functional element as it affects consumer’s decision making in choosing a product. Through this design workshop, we intend to propose a Card-based Tool for Emotive Form Ideation based on Figures of Speech in English, and try to initiate discussions on effectiveness the tool in evoking intended emotions in consumers through product appearance. It is expected that design students, practitioners, cognitive scientists, ergonomists would find the tool helpful while designing emotional products.
Outcomes of the workshop: Workshop attendees get a brief overview of emotional design and introduction to a unique Emotive Form ideation tool. They can apply the learnings from the application of tool in their quest for designing emotional products.
Who should participate: Product design students, faculty and practitioners involved in product form design.
Workshop 4: A multisensory design lab
Day 2 | 8 January 2021 | IST:1330-1500 | Parallel Session 10
Name and affiliation of the Workshop Chair(s): Luciana Pereira, (Associate Professor, Federal University of ABC, Brazil); Petter Krus, (Professor, Linköping University, Sweden)
Abstract: The multisensory design lab's goal is to propose an online intervention, where the participants will re-design either a product, service, device, event, or system of their choices, including a multimodal approach to their novel solution.
What does multisensory (relating to or involving several physiological senses) or multimodal (having or involving several sensory modals) design mean? Multisensory design is the one that considers users' different sensory modalities. In other words, it means that the more multimodal distributions your design solution achieves, the more your user will benefit from a multisensory experience.
Design is very visual; however, in multimodal design, a designer must utilize more than one sense: e.g., auditory and visual, auditory, and tactile. Successful multisensory designers creatively integrate modes in various configurations, such as cross-modal or by sensory substitution, to coherently convey the best user experience. It is essential to promote design that includes people with different sensory abilities.
Outcomes of the workshop: Design students, researchers, and practitioners need to consider how they can control and use human cognition's unique characteristics, which allows us to organize and understand the world through stimuli that we receive from our different senses, leading to better design decisions. We expect the workshop will bring us together as a special interest network.
Who should participate: Students, researchers, and practitioners interested in design cognition, universal design, human factors, and design as a source of social inclusion and diversity.
Workshop 5: Overview of the SAPPhIRE model of causality and how to create it for a natural or an artificial system
Day 2 | 8 January 2021 | IST:1930-2100 | Parallel Session 9
Name and affiliation of the Workshop Chair(s): Sonal Keshwani (Assistant Professor, MIT World Peace University, Pune, India); Kausik Bhattacharya (PhD Student, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, India)
Subject Matter Experts: Sonal Keshwani, Shakuntala Acharya (Assistant Professor, Indian Institute of Technology, Guwahati, India), Srinivasan Venkataraman (Assistant Professor, Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi, India), Ranjan BSC (Research Associate, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, India), Apoorv Bhatt (PhD Student, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, India), Sidharth L (PhD Student, Singapore University of Technology and Design, Singapore)
Abstract: SAPPhIRE model of causality has been widely used for representing the way a system works. This workshop will provide an overview of the SAPPhIRE model and discss the details of how to create a SAPPhIRE model for natural or engineered systems. Representing a system into the constructs of the SAPPhIRE model requires expertise and experience. Inter-encoder reliability studies have revealed that subjectivity creeps in when multiple researchers attempt to represent a system into its SAPPhIRE constructs. This subjectivity can further increase with the increasing complexity of systems. Therefore, there is a need to identify the rules underlying each SAPPhIRE construct. This workshop aims to formulate these rules explicitly so that the representation of a system into its causal relations becomes an objective task. These rules can have various applications such as automatic creation of SAPPhIRE models from natural language documents, automatic evaluation of novelty of concepts, automatic diagnosis of errors in a system.
Outcomes of the workshop:
- The need for knowledge representation models
- SAPPhIRE model and its constructs
- Significance of SAPPhIRE model and its application in design
- How to identify and classify SAPPhIRE constructs in an unstructured text
Who should participate: Design researchers, Design practitioners, Students
Workshop 6: Design with One Sustainable Strategy at A Time : Design for Re-Purposability
Day 2 | 8 January 2021 | IST:1930-2100 | Parallel Session 9
Name and affiliation of the Workshop Chair(s): Dr. Shiva Ji, IIT Hyderabad, India (Email: email@example.com)
Abstract: In the post-industrialized era, the world faces an unprecedented ecological imbalance and consumerism has said to be one of the root causes of producing tremendous waste and pollution in several domains. The world is not the same anymore what we have seen in our childhood! We buy several items with having a short usable life but a very long degradation/disposal time; resulting in a massive pile of waste in landfills. Is there a way we can extend the usable lifespan of a product? How can design come to the rescue in this situation? By strategizing design for re-purposing in the product design by intentionally incorporating features, details, and facility to do this once the first purpose is over. It's like designing for a transformation and morphological adaptation over time. For example, a child's nursing table can be transformed into a reading table once she grows. If we look around us, we can find several such items which can be intervened with conscious design. This workshop's focus is to induce observation, encode conscious design thinking, and eye to detailing to explore second possible life of a product. (Reference: https://onlinecourses.nptel.ac.in/noc21_de07/preview)
Outcomes of the workshop: A conscious effort towards design thinking for sustainable development, tacit knowledge about strategies for sustainable design and awareness to explore potential designs.
Who should participate: Anyone and everyone
Workshop 7: Design of Everyday Things - Human-centric Kit-of-Parts Assemblage
Day 3 | 9 January 2021 | IST:1330-1500 | Parallel Session 10
Name and affiliation of the Workshop Chair(s): Dr. J. Uma Maheswari, Associate Professor, Department of Civil Engineering, IIT Delhi
Abstract: The design of any product/object that we see each day is an outcome/portrayal of either a partial or complete vision of the actor involved. Design is technically defined as a combination of art, science and engineering integrated in technology. The dream or vision of the actor/player/designer decides the art segment and thereafter the science, engineering and technology keeps the “design dice” rolling. Further, there is lot of attention in multi-purpose/multi-usage assemblage these days. Notable examples that come across in our daily activities and has caught our attention include Lego building blocks, beads jewellery kit, interior space utilization ideas, meals re-creation, etc. Here, some of these concepts are reversible (lego building blocks, beads jewellery kit, etc.) and others are not (meals re-creation, building design, etc.). As mentioned in Howe et al., 1999, the assembly-disassembly can be in several formats - linear, planar, modular, etc. As a concluding remark, this kit-of-parts designing can reach unimaginable heights if it is planned and applied appropriately. Hence, the aim of this workshop is to collate the effort of researchers who would be broadly interested in designing anything and everything.
Reference: Howe, AS, Ishii, I. & Yoshida, T. (1999) Kit-of-Parts: A Review of Object-oriented construction techniques, Automation and Robotics in Construction XVI
Outcomes of the workshop: Any design can be conceptualized innovatively and created easily
Who should participate: Topic is intentionally made generic. Anyone can participate. No restriction.
Workshop 8: Design Research Methodology (DRM) workshop
Day 3 | 9 January 2021 | IST:1930-2100 | Parallel Session 9
Name and affiliation of the Workshop Chair(s): Prof. Amaresh Chakrabarti (IISc Bangalore, India) & Prof. Lucienne Blessing (SUTD Singapore)
Abstract: DRM is a methodology intended to help design researchers structure their research processes and outcomes. It was first presented in 1991, in an outline form, by Lucienne Blessing, Amaresh Chakrabarti and Ken Wallace, at the ‘Design Methods Workshop’ at the Open University, UK, that was organised by Steve Culley of University of Bath and Nigel Cross of Open University. It took 18 more years before the entire methodology could be worked out in detail by Lucienne Blessing and Amaresh Chakrabarti, finally published in a book by Springer in 2009. DRM has since been used widely, not only by design researchers but also in other areas of enquiry such as technology, psychology and philosophy. It is also taught in a number of universities around the world, as well as in a summer school for design research based in Europe. This workshop is the first occasion, since the publication of its book, that DRM would be discussed by its two authors at a workshop. The workshop will involve an introduction to need for and overview of the methodology (by the authors), and what it its intended to achieve. It will then involve brief comments from a number of researchers who have used the methodology. Finally, the workshop will involve interaction with the wider audience in the workshop about the benefits and areas of improvement of DRM and its use.
Time Plan: Introduction to DRM (Authors): 30 min; Comments from Researchers: 30 min; Interaction with Attendees: 30 min.
Outcomes of the workshop: The attendees will gain a broad understanding of the need and an overview of DRM. They will also get an exposure to how this can be used to help structure their own research process.
Who should participate: Anyone interested in design research and its methodology, especially young researchers doing a research project.
Workshop 9: IP Clinic for design Innovation
Day 3 | 9 January 2021 | IST:1930-2100 | Parallel Session 9
Name and affiliation of the Workshop Chair(s): Rajat Agrawal (Professor, Indian Institute of Technology, Roorkee, India)
Abstract: Innovation has been an important and one of the most practising phenomena globally, which helps transform general property to intellectual property (IP). It is an artistic process to conserve and protect the IP. Somehow, Intellectual property rights (IPRs) helps to protect innovation. There are different IPRs, such as invention patents, trademarks, copyrights, and trade secrets. IPRs are now playing a significant role in various primary issues such as social security, national competitiveness, economic strategy, etc. This way, it is very important to focus on the nurturing of innovation under IPR protection. This workshop will help to understand the culture required for the design of innovation under IPR monitoring.
Outcomes of the workshop: This workshop will give clarity on the following points:
- What is IPR? and the difference between the various IPRs.
- How much is IPR important for innovation?
- What is the relation between Innovation and Patent?
- How can innovation be taken to commercialization level?
Who should participate: UG/PG Students, PhD Scholars, Academicians, Industry Professionals
Workshop 10: Generating Bioinspired design (Biomimicry) for solving problems
Day 4 | 10 January 2021 | IST:1330-1500 | Parallel Session 10
Name and affiliation of the Workshop Chair(s): Sunil Sharma (PhD Student, Indian Institute of Technology, Ropar, India); Prabir Sarkar (Associate Professor, Indian Institute of Technology, Roorkee, India)
Abstract: Usually, designers are uninformed on how to solve a problem using bioinspiration from nature. Nature is a bountiful source of solutions and can be used to generate bioinspired concepts. We describe the methods to generate concepts for design problem. This learning is life-long and designers can apply biomimicry and generate innovative designs. We let designers to experience the potential of biomimicry by giving task that allows them to execute the understanding based on the lecture. This way they understand the process and then execute by themselves. We evaluate and comment on their submissions. We discuss the following: Biomimicry, approach, previously designed examples in various fields, sources of bioinspiration, process description and execution, tasks, question and answers.
Following are the objectives of the workshop:
- To immerse students into the world of bioinspired design as a systematic process of tackling relevant design problems.
- To provide a thinking space for the recognition of design challenges and the generated bioinspired solutions.
- Using a practical hands-on approach, this workshop will support student in the application of biological entities, abstraction, and conception of bioinspired solutions.
- To exercise their mental muscles in the process of bioinspired concept generation.
Outcomes of the workshop:
- Understanding of bioinspired design process
- How to take inspiration from natural entities?
- Knowledge of available resources for practicing biomimicry
- Understanding of Bioinspired design process for problem-based approach
- Ability to generate innovate nature inspired designs
Who should participate: Design practitioners incl. design students, engineering students, designers, engineers, other enthusiasts for understanding biomimicry
Workshop 11: Frugal Design and Engineering: An Emerging Innovation Paradigm
Day 4 | 10 January 2021 | IST:1730-1900 | Parallel Session 6
Name and affiliation of the Workshop Chair(s): Pranab K Dan (Associate Professor, Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur, India)
Abstract: This workshop on frugal design and engineering is purposed to familiarize and edify on an emerging paradigm of innovation and its related approaches. Frugal design often creates disruptive solutions and are used in resource constrained conditions and such engineering strategy sometimes leads to reverse innovation. Frugal design engineering and innovation is gaining momentum as products built with affordability engineering and of good enough quality and reliability are finding strong demand in the markets of emerging economies as well as certain segments in the developed countries, comprising two-third of world population, acting as the driver of economy. Particularly during economic crisis, the need for affordable products with acceptable quality and reliability becomes very important, like the present condition, and urgently calls for frugal innovation. The discussion will be around the principles and methodologies that considers design at the core for innovation, covering topics like frugal design thinking to product-market fit and also highlighting several application and example cases including med-tech and automotive sectors. The workshop will adopt pedagogy comprising of lecture, case analysis, exercises and presentation by participants. It is aimed to inculcated a sense of priority in frugal paradigm to cater to a large and expanding market.
Outcomes of the workshop:
- Develop an appreciation of paradigm of innovation in emerging economies as well as reverse innovation for developed countries covering a large market of five billion people
- Enable understanding the concepts of frugal design and engineering
- Comprehend the principles and methodologies and how to use the tools and processes involved in frugal design engineering
- Understand the critical success factors for making frugal innovation happen
- Build competency to ideate and conceptualize based on frugal paradigm
Who should participate:Academics, practitioners and research students from the areas of design, engineering, innovation and manufacturing and related areas.
Workshop 12: Design Heuristics for Furniture Design
Day 4 | 10 January 2021 | IST:1730-1900 | Parallel Session 8
Name and affiliation of the Workshop Chair(s): Supradip Das (Assistant Professor, IIT Guwahati, India); Amarendra Kumar Das (Professor, IIT Guwahati, India)
Abstract: Innovation in design is positively influenced by the selection of successful concepts from the multiple, varied alternatives generated. Prior research explicated that, Design Heuristics are the prompts, which allows novice designers to generate a number of alternatives and avoid design fixation. However, available Design Heuristics are Industrial and Product Design specific. There are no heuristics available specific to Furniture Design. The proposed workshop will introduce ‘Design Heuristics for Furniture Design’ (DHfFD), which is a cognitive shortcut for novice designers to develop intentional variation in furniture design concepts. The overarching research aim of the workshop is to evaluate the effectiveness of the developed tool ‘Design Heuristics for Furniture Design’.
Outcomes of the workshop: The attendees will get an exposure of the tool Design Heuristics for Furniture Design
Who should participate:The workshop is intended for novice designers (design students, who are in the sophomore years of their design education). No. of Participant: 40.
Workshop 13: Engineering Design and its role in the study of Lightweight Materials and their Applications
Day 4 | 10 January 2021 | IST:1730-1900 | Parallel Session 9
Name and affiliation of the Workshop Chair(s): Raghu Echempati (Professor, Kettering University, Flint, Michigan, USA)
Abstract: Weight reduction or lightweighting in mobility industries has been an important factor in order to meet the functional requirements and other regulations of a particular country. Mass reduction versus vehicle size, increased strength, safety and stiffness have been challenging to balance in real life due to other competing functional performance particularly for automotive applications such as crash performance, aesthetics, corrosion, cost, reliability and joining methodologies to mention a few. Steel and its alloys have been, and still will be, the dominant material used in mobility industries. However, use of multi-material technologies with aluminium, magnesium, plastics and nanocomposites, is drawing the attention of many automotive and aerospace industrial sectors. In this proposed interactive workshop, few of the above-mentioned issues and how they can be addressed using lightweighting materials and their technologies will be broadly covered. Some details about using different materials for the body in white (BIW) components and the role of nanocomposite materials will be discussed. Case studies developed by industry experts will be discussed.
Outcomes of the workshop: This workshop has been developed for engineering professors, students, engineers and technical personnel involved in all fields related to the academic research of lightweight materials and their applications in automotive vehicle design and other mobility systems.
Who should participate:: See the outcomes of the workshop